book covers friction

A 5 Minute Overview Of


The Untapped Force That Can Be Your Most Powerful Advantage

About the Author

Roger Dooley is a keynote speaker, marketing consultant and Forbes contributor. He is the founder of his own consultancy firm, Dooley Direct, and was also a cofounder of College Confidential which was recently acquired by Hobsons. He spent years in direct marketing and started a successful catalog sales business. Roger Dooley also worked as director of corporate planning for Hobsons, a Fortune 1000 company. He is the author of Brainfluence and The Persuasion Slide. Roger Dooley is a graduate of Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Tennessee.

The Main Idea

In 2016, e-commerce sales hit nearly $2 trillion. However, it is estimated there was around $4.6 trillion of merchandise left in abandoned e-commerce shopping carts that same year. On average, more than two out of every three e-commerce shopping carts are abandoned without consumers ever completing the checkout process.

Why? Studies have shown almost all the abandonments are due to "friction" — which can be defined as "the unnecessary expenditure of time, effort, or money in performing a task". If you can come up with practical and long-lasting ways to reduce or ideally eliminate friction, it can lead to a substantial boost in your company's revenues.

This is definitely not news to Jeff Bezos, the founder of who said: "When you reduce friction, make something easy, people do more of it". Amazon's longstanding focus on reducing friction for customers has been a key driver in the company's stellar trajectory to become the biggest, fastest growing retailer in the world.

Of course friction doesn't just exist in the online world. When you look for it, you'll find friction everywhere the length and breadth of your organization. Finding friction and reducing or ideally eliminating it altogether should be the focus of every business owner, manager and employee. After all, if reducing friction has helped Amazon get to where it is now, what can this same focus do for you?

Nobody likes wasted time and effort. Nobody enjoys pointless meetings. Everybody hates burdensome red tape. The more you point out friction to the people around you, the more they will see themselves. And, the more likely they will try to become part of the solution.
Roger Dooley

Title of main idea.

1. Amazon and Friction . Amazon has built its business around the ideal of fighting consumer friction. This ethos has been one of the driving factors behind the company's stellar growth and will continue to be so in the future.

2. A brief history of friction . It's tempting to think reducing friction is a high-tech idea, but the reality is this approach has driven disruption in the retail, transportation and many other industries as well. The progress of commerce always comes down to making things simpler for customers.

3. The science of friction . The fundamental law of friction is simple to state but profound in its application. It is: Decreasing friction always increases action. Or put slightly more formally: The level of action is inversely proportional to the level of friction.

4. The "Big 4" types of friction . The "Big 4" when it comes to friction are:

  1. Decision friction
  2. Customer experience friction
  3. Technical friction
  4. Internal friction

5. Friction in the broader world . Friction doesn't just affect businesses. When you start looking for it, you'll find friction everywhere, especially in laws and regulations. Be aware of that friction and find practical ways to reduce or eliminate it as far as it is humanly feasible.

6. How to minimize friction . In just the same way as adding or reducing friction can guide the behavior of others, you can also use friction to good effect in your own life and career as well. To change your own behaviors for the better, reduce friction. Add friction to bad habits and reduce friction for the good habits which will propel you in the right direction. This is a smart thing to do.

Summaries.Com Editor's Comments

FRICTION is a great book about a topic which is always around but hardly ever gets a mention. I was stunned to learn that shopping cart abandonment could represent more than two-times the e-commerce business that gets done each year. It makes sense that if you can engineer a low-friction way to get things done, that will see your revenues climb immediately and stay that way. With that in mind, it's worth asking whether you really have to ask for information which will generate friction and cause people to opt out. Making things simple and therefore low friction is kind of a religion for Jeff Bezos and that approach has certainly served him and Amazon well. I came away from reading this book with a renewed focus on simplifying what I do and offer so there is less friction.

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